How To Make Liquid Organic Fertilizer ?
To make liquid organic fertilizer, you will need to gather a variety of organic materials such as fruit and vegetable scraps, coffee grounds, grass clippings, and/or manure.
You will also need a container such as a plastic bucket or a large plastic bin, a drill, and a wooden spoon or a stick for mixing.
- Fill the container about 3/4 of the way full with your chosen organic materials.
- Add water to the container, making sure to completely submerge the organic materials.
- Use the drill to create several holes in the bottom and sides of the container to allow for drainage and aeration.
- Mix the contents of the container with the wooden spoon or stick.
- Allow the mixture to sit for several weeks, stirring occasionally, to allow the materials to break down and decompose.
- Once the mixture has fully decomposed, strain the liquid fertilizer through a fine mesh strainer or cheesecloth and store it in a container with a tight-fitting lid.
- Dilute the fertilizer with water before using, as it will be very strong.
It’s important to note that the process can take a few weeks to a few months depending on the materials being used, and the temperature and humidity of the surrounding environment.
It’s also important to note that the ratio of organic materials to water can vary depending on the specific materials being used and the desired strength of the fertilizer. A general rule of thumb is to use a 1:10 ratio of organic material to water. For example, if you are using a 5-gallon bucket, you would use 5 gallons of organic materials and 50 gallons of water.
When using this liquid organic fertilizer, it’s best to apply it to the soil or foliage of plants, when soil is moist. Applying it during hot, sunny days can cause leaf burn.
It’s also a good practice to test the pH level of the soil before applying the fertilizer to make sure it is in the appropriate range for the plants you are trying to fertilize.
It’s also important to note that homemade fertilizers lack the balanced ratio of nutrients that commercial fertilizers offer, so you may need to supplement it with store-bought fertilizers.
In addition to this, always be sure to keep the liquid organic fertilizer in a cool, dark place to prevent spoilage.
Another method of making liquid organic fertilizer is to use a compost tea. Compost tea is made by steeping finished compost in water for several days, then straining it before use. This method is more beneficial because the compost has already gone through the process of breaking down, so it will be a more concentrated form of fertilizer.
To make compost tea, you will need:
- Finished compost
- Bucket or container
- Air pump and stone (optional)
- Fill a bucket or container with water and add a shovelful of finished compost to it.
- Mix the compost and water together, breaking up any clumps of compost.
- If desired, you can add an air pump and stone to the mixture to increase the oxygen levels and speed up the steeping process.
- Allow the mixture to steep for 2-5 days, stirring occasionally.
- Strain the mixture through a fine mesh strainer or cheesecloth and store the liquid in a container with a tight-fitting lid.
This liquid fertilizer can be used as a foliar spray or as a soil drench. As with the other method, it is important to dilute the compost tea before use and apply it to plants during a time when the soil is moist and not under direct sunlight to prevent leaf burn.
It’s also important to use a high-quality, finished compost for the best results.
Another thing to keep in mind when making liquid organic fertilizer is to use clean, fresh, and disease-free organic materials. Using spoiled or diseased materials can introduce harmful pathogens to your soil and plants.
It’s also important to use clean water when making liquid organic fertilizer. Tap water can contain chlorine and other chemicals that can harm the beneficial microorganisms in the fertilizer. Rainwater or collected water from a clean source is a better option.
It’s also important to use the liquid organic fertilizer within a few weeks of making it, as it can spoil quickly due to the presence of microorganisms. If you can’t use it all at once, you can store it in the refrigerator for up to a month.
Lastly, it’s a good idea to keep records of the ingredients and ratios you use to make your liquid organic fertilizer, as well as any observations on the effects it has on your plants, so you can make adjustments as needed in future batches.
In conclusion, making liquid organic fertilizer is a simple and cost-effective way to provide your plants with the essential nutrients they need to thrive. With a little bit of time and effort, you can make a high-quality fertilizer that will benefit both your plants and the environment.